The methanol leaf extract of Mallotus oppositifolius was evaluated for anti- inflammatory activity in rats and mice using acute and chronic anti-inflammatory. Mallotus oppositifolius is widely distributed and occurs from Senegal east to Ethiopia and south to Angola and Mozambique, and also in Madagascar. Biochem Res Int. ; doi: // Epub Oct Evaluation of Mallotus oppositifolius Methanol Leaf Extract on the.
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Showing oppositifilius of 0 comments. Mallotus oppositifolius 1, flowering branch; 2, part of male inflorescence; 3, part of infructescence. Mallotus oppositifolius fruiting branch obtained from Runetwork.
B 10 x – 25k – jpg ww2. Mallotus oppositifolius Article Title: Mallotus oppositifolius Filed as Glinus oppositifolius L. Mallotus oppositifolius Type of Glinus oppositifolius L.
Ooppositifolius oppositifolius Digital specimen images at the B 10 x – 28k – jpg ww2. B 10 x – 29k – jpg ww2. B 10 x – 33k – jpg ww2. Mallotus oppositkfolius Mallotus oppositifolius Geiseler Mallotus oppositifolius Mallotus oppositifolius x – 3k – jpg medias. Mallotus oppositifolius The powdered F elastica produced 20g Mallotus oppositifolius is widely distributed and occurs from Senegal east to Ethiopia and south to Angola and Mozambique, and also in Madagascar.
In West Africa mallotuss plant parts, but especially the leaves, are commonly used for medicinal purposes. A leaf or stem bark infusion is taken to expel tapeworms and to treat diarrhoea.
The crushed or chewed fresh leaves, sometimes mixed with butter, are put on cuts and sores as a haemostatic and antibacterial, and on skin eruptions and rashes for fast healing. They are also applied to burns to calm pain. A steam bath with the leaves is taken to treat headache, epilepsy or mental illness.
Leaf sap is used as nose drops or eye drops and the head is massaged with the pulped leaves to treat mal,otus. The crushed leaves or leaf sap are applied to aching teeth and inflamed eyes. The ground leaves in salted water are applied to snakebites and the extract is also drunk for this purpose.
Crushed leaves or a leaf infusion are applied to treat urinary infections, venereal diseases, malaria, leprosy, chickenpox and female sterility. A leaf and fruit infusion is taken to mallptus dysentery and diarrhoea, or the leaves are added to food.
Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Mallotus oppositifolius var. oppositifolius
A leaf and root decoction is drunk to treat anaemia and general fatigue. A root and leaf paste is applied to treat convulsions, stomach-ache and chest pains.
An infusion of the roots together with the seeds of Aframomum melegueta K. In eastern Africa a root ippositifolius is taken as an aphrodisiac.
A root decoction and leaf sap are taken to treat pneumonia, vomiting and chest pain. The seeds are considered poisonous. Mallotus oppositifolius is commonly browsed by cattle. The wood is also used as firewood and to make tool handles or yam stakes. The thinner stems or the bark are sometimes used as binding material. The twigs are commonly used as chew sticks. Preliminary phytochemical screening revealed the presence of flavonoids, saponins, tannins, cardenolides cardiac glycosidesanthocyanins and possibly also alkaloids and anthraquinones.
The leaves contain a higher concentration of these compounds than the roots. Different leaf, root and stem bark extracts showed significant antibacterial activity against Oppisitifolius aureusEscherichia coliPseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus subtilis in vitro.
The aqueous leaf extract showed significant activity against Shigella dysenteriae A1-induced diarrhoea in rats.
The extract was not toxic. Aqueous and oppositfiolius extracts of dried leaves showed significant antifungal activity in vitro against Aspergillus flavusCandida albicansMicrosporum audouiniiPenicillium sp. A mallktus leaf extract showed moderate antitrypanosomal and anthelminthic activity in vitro, but low antiplasmodial activity.
West African Plants
Crude methanolic leaf and root extracts showed significant antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities in tests with rats. Dioecious shrub or small tree up to 6 —13 m tall; young shoots densely stellate-hairy, older twigs almost glabrous, often purplish-brown.
Leaves opposite, simple; petiole long and short in each pair, 2. Inflorescence a terminal or axillary raceme; male inflorescence up to 10 —15 cm long, female one up to 10 — Flowers unisexual, fragrant, petals absent; male flowers with jointed pedicel 3—7 mm long, sepals 3—4, elliptical, c.
Seeds almost globose, oppositifolis. Mallotus comprises about species, which all occur in the Old World tropics, mainly in Asia and Oceania.
Mallotus oppositifolius Images
Only few species occur in tropical Africa: The fruits are eaten to treat malaria. A decoction of the aerial parts was taken as an ordeal poison. The wood is used as firewood and to make poles for enclosures. Mallotus oppositifolius is mainly pollinated by different species of bees and butterflies. Mallotus oppositifolius occurs in dry secondary forest undergrowth, forest edges and associated bushland or thickets, also along rivers, from sea-level up to m altitude.
In Nigeria oppositifolijs is a weed opposutifolius rice fields. Mallotus oppositifolius is mainly propagated by seed, although oppositlfolius propagation may be mzllotus as well, in view of its easy growth. Mallotus oppositifolius can be coppiced and pollarded.
It has a high growth rate compared to other commonly used browse plants. It is deep-rooting and has a root: Oppositifoliuw has an extensive system of fine roots, indicating its potential for use in agroforestry and land management. In West Africa it is grown in and around cassava fields to reduce the impact of animals that feed on mallohus leaves, as they prefer Mallotus oppositifolius leaves.
Regular weeding is necessary. Mallotus oppositifolius is one of the major food plants for the grasshopper Zonocerus variegatusand a host of Lepidopterous species, including Endoclita malabaricus.
The harvested leaves are usually used fresh, whereas the roots are usually dried, pounded and kept in a pot for later use. The stems or the twigs are chewed fresh, or dried for later use. Mallotus oppositifolius is very common in its large distribution area, and not in danger of genetic erosion.
Small oppositifoliis collections are maintained in the United Kingdom and South Africa. Mallotus oppositifolius leaves and stem bark have several interesting local medicinal uses, including analgesic, antibacterial, anthelminthic and haemostatic uses. Although antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities have been demonstrated in in-vitro tests, more research is needed to evaluate its potential as a medicinal plant.
Antifungal property and phytochemical screening of the crude extracts of Funtumia elastica and Mallotus oppositifolius. West Indian Medical Journal 55 4: Evaluation of the antimicrobial potential of medicinal plants from the Ivory Coast.
Phytotherapy Research 16 5: The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. Volume 2, Families E—I. Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antimalarial kallotus of some Oppositifooius medicinal plants. South African Journal of Botany 71 3—4: African indigenous plants with chemotherapeutic potentials and biotechnological approach to the production of bioactive prophylactic agents.
African Journal of Biotechnology 2 Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of Mallotus oppositifolius in malllotus systems. African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences Activities of aqueous extracts of Mallotus oppositifolius on Shigella dysenteriae A1-induced diarrhoea in rats.
Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 33 1—2: Medpharm Scientific, Stuttgart, Germany. Antiparasitic activities of medicinal plants used in Ivory Coast. Journal of Ethnopharmacology Phytochemical screening and mineral composition of chewing sticks in South Eastern Nigeria.
Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences 9 2: Phytochemical screening of leaves and root bark of an African herb Mallotus oppositifolius.
Acceptance and digestibility of some selected browse feeds with varying tannin content as supplements in sheep nutrition in West Africa.
CJB – African plant database – Detail
Journal of Veterinary Medicine, Series A, 47 9: Editions Alzieu, Grenoble, France. Medelingen Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen 75 19Wageningen, Netherlands.
Plants used in traditional medicine in eastern Tanzania. Angiosperms Euphorbiaceae to Menispermaceae. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae with Pandaceae. Woody plants of Ghana, with special reference to their uses.