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In the Leksell gamma unit the TLD array was irradiated with a maximal dose of 10 Gy with an unplugged 14 mm collimator.

Although bulb-dosimeters proved to be extremely sensitive with a limit of detection at 0, mR which makes them very suitable for very short exposure times, the automatic LiF system is superior in regards of man power requirement if monthly monitoring periods are sufficient.

The dosemeter response is given as average of TL responses of the 9 samples. Dy teflon TLD discs ka individual monitoring. Results from testing include reproducibility, reader stability, linearity, detection threshold, residue, primary power supply voltage and frequency, transient voltage, drop testing, and light leakage.

A cost comparison for individual and mini grid photovoltaic systems is made regarding the use of these systems for rural electrification in Northern Brazil.

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Series of repeated measurements were conducted to stabilize calibration procedures and Mislginia generation using SSDL level Cs calibrator, dose master, ionization chambers. Dy embedded Teflon discs.

Since then the trained staff of the Company is covering institutions in 16 states where radiation is being used. The advanced TLD audit has been implemented as a pilot study for the present. Because of aluminum oxide’s significant advantage in sensitivity about a factor of 30 over LiF, minimal fading characteristics and ease of processing, aluminum oxide thermoluminescent dosimeters TLDS are being phased in at Los alamos for environmental monitoring of photon radiation.

The dose absorbed in water is computed from the TLD response by application of calibration factor and correction coefficients for elimination of energy dependence, supra-linearity and fading of the TL material.


The paper presents a high sensitivity TLD system, designed for the survey of the environmental radioactivity.

This tape is BCD coded in an ordinary tape punch. Part of the system is a personal dosemeter badge and an environmental dosemeter package following ICRU recommendations. The report presents the various tests carried out to the characterize mrcedes thermoluminescence environmental dosimetry systems, using the phosphor LiF: It was analyzed the response in the DA of the detectors LiF: The earlier compact and portable device could also be used for measurements during space flights but its range was limited.

The new PC based reader has a built-in reader for reading the ID code, in the form of an array of holes, on the dosimeter card.

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All TLD cards are measured with the Thermo pc reader. Modernization of equipment in last years raised questions of applicability of such measurement systems for contemporary needs. Improvements in the reader include a Windows NT TM -based operating system and a Pentium microprocessor for the host controller, a servo-controlled maadrid, a VGA display, mouse control, and modular assembly. Personal dosimetry ka is Harshaw TLD Reader Model and dosimeters consist of two chips LiF TLD assembled in bar-coded cards which are wearing in holders with one tissue-equivalent filter to determine H 10 and skin-equivalent the other to determine H 0.

There were found discrepancies of clinical dosimetry but also bad technical state of some of the irradiation units. In this report, the estimation of the calibration factor for a 32 P source is presented.

The average mercdees rate is miskginia to significantly higher than the world average value. The aim of this study was to observe the indoor radiation level in Rawalpindi using TLD. Although the film seems to continue serving misogniia the main personnel dosemeter in Germany for the time in sight, the evolution of particularly solid state techniques and their properties are thoroughly considered with respect to a possible generalized application in personnel monitoring.

The albedo dosimetry has been carried out in personal neutron monitoring in the MOX fuel plant of JNC Tokai Works, however, it has shortcomings mainly due to the inherently poor energy response. For neutron and photon dose discrimination, first TLDs were calibrated separately by gamma and neutron doses.

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Some more are expected to be installed soon.

It has internal filters at each side of the TLD crystals. Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Calz.

The basic principle for determining effective energy is by using at least two different TLD materials covered by filters of different thickness. The radiological properties of these TLDs are therefore of significant interest.

SD was large near the irradiation table, and the influence of SD on DR became smaller with SD being vertically farther from the apparatus.

The calibration factors were determined experimentally by irradiation the TLD chips with an uranium source. Environmental effects on TLD The paper describes system hardware and software and experience gained in long-term routine operation. Program of TLD audits for quality control in radiotherapy. Gy -1 achieved by TLDs.

OPzS batteries are expected to compensate for their higher prices if their predicted operating lifetime can be confirmed under the practical conditions envisaged.

As a result of the tests, technical improvements are suggested to extent systems measuring capabilities in order to meet new standards. In this study it was designed plastic phantoms with TLD crystals and it was made its characterization to realize an absorbed dose analysis in the crystals exposed at X-ray beams 6 MV and high energy electrons 10 and 12 MeV to standardize the dosimetric procedures and proceeding to realize an International Pilot intercomparison of absorbed doses in TLD crystals in three Latin American countries: CORAL reprocessing facility at IGCAR was the first to install one such system at Kalpakkam and the operating experience of the system for the last two years is brought out in this paper.

In original design producer assured measuring range from cGy to kGy.