Grus leucogeranus individuals are monogamous. Courtship and pair bonding includes singing, known as unison calling, and dancing. Unison calling is a. Formerly placed in genus Grus; or in Bugeranus together with B. carunculatus on basis of morphological and behavioural similarities, but molecular evidence. Criteria: A3bcd Click here for more information about the Red List categories and criteria. Justification of Red List category. This long-lived crane qualifies as.

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Other forms of expression consist of tail fluttering, threat postures, such as hissing, growling, and stamping, feather ruffling, preening of the back of the thigh, flapping, and rigid strutting. Therefore it is important to house each pair of adult cranes in a separate enclosure from other cranes, and preferably not directly adjacent to another pair of cranes, particularly of the same species. At night, Siberian lejcogeranus rest on one leg while the head is tucked under the shoulder.

Health and Management” Return to top of page. For nesting, wide expanses of shallow fresh water with good visibility are preferred. Historic records from India suggest a wider winter distribution in the leucogedanus including records from Gujarat, near New Delhi and even as far east as Bihar. Immature non-breeding birds may be found in west Siberia from the Volga-Ural steppes to the lower Ob, and eastwards leicogeranus the Baraba steppes.

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B Wetlands; wide expanses of shallow fresh water with good visibility are preferred. Few species of trees are present; these are primarily conifers that grow in dense stands with little undergrowth. Siberian cranes have been known to live at least sixty-two years in captivity. B Majestic white crane with a “raw-looking” face; the black outer wing is prominent during flight, but when standing the black primaries and coverts are covered by the secondaries and tertails, and the crane appears totally white.


Vocalization is usually complemented by visual communication in the form of dancing. Vagrant to Hong Kong, Japan and Uzbekistan. Chicks do forage themselves, but less efficiently than adults, and will beg for food by uttering a high-pitched whine. For Siberian natives — Yakuts and Yukaghirs – the white crane is a sacred bird associated with sun, spring and kind celestial spirits ajyy.

Siberian cranes return to the Arctic tundra around the end of April and beginning of May. Prefers wide areas of shallow fresh, high-visibility water. B White crane, distinguished from the other white gurs, Grus americanus – Whooping crane and Grus japonensis – Red-crowned craneby the cap being entirely white and by the red frus from the bill to behind the eyes. They then move to pre-roosting staging areas before flying to a roost site.

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Names for non-breeding males or other colour-phases. Normal Biochemistry Values for Grus leucogeranus – Siberian crane.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Summer 4,; winter 5, These magnificent birds are also hunted or trapped for food or as pets. Translate Avibase is also available in the following languages: Siberian cranes are the most aquatic in the genus Grususing the wetlands for feeding, nesting, rooting, and other behavioral displays.


They maintain feeding territories in winter but may form small and loose flocks, and gather closer at their winter roosts. These come on in the early morning, giving an artificial dawn but a natural sunset.

Siberian White Crane

Certain calls require certain body movements. The eastern populations winter mainly in the Poyang Lake area in China. Although dancing is not directly connected with the reproductive cycle in Siberian cranes, it does reflect their excitement.

They show very high site fidelity for both their wintering and breeding areas, making use of the same sites year after year. B97 Quite cold-hardy, but need time to adapt to cold, damp conditions. This terrestrial biome also occurs at high elevations.

Siberian Crane (Leucogeranus leucogeranus) | HBW Alive

Cranes form monogamous pairs and can be extremely oeucogeranus, particularly in the breeding season. Flies at high altitudes during migration – seen at about 5, over the Himalayas. Spring; weather conditions affect the start of laying. Well-established pairs mate without any tension.

Siberian crane

On the breeding grounds, feed while wading but also seek berries and animal foods on dry hillocks and grassy tundra. The nest of sedges and grasses, a flat mound cm diameter and reaching cm above water level, may be surrounded by water cm deep.

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