IN WATCHING the flow of events over the past decade or so, it is hard to avoid the feeling that something very fundamental has happened in world history. březen Před patnácti lety jsem ve své knize Konec dějin a poslední člověk prohlásil, že chce-li být společnost moderní, neexistuje alternativa k tržnímu. Francis Fukuyama a Samuel Huntington (Konec dějin nebo střet civilizací?) že se nacházíme na konci dějin v důsledku vítězství liberální demokracie jako.

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But the century that began full of self-confidence in the ultimate triumph of Western liberal democracy seems at its close to be returning full circle to where it started: Most of these analyses lack any larger conceptual fumuyama for distinguishing between what is essential and what is contingent or accidental in world history, and are predictably superficial.

But the former is explained by commercial motives and the latter is a vestige of earlier ideologically-based rivalries.

In the political sphere, the proposed changes to the Soviet constitution, legal system, ffukuyama party rules amount to much less than the establishment of a liberal state. Gorbachev’s claim that he is seeking to return to the true Lenin is perfectly easy to understand: Email required Password required Remember me? I mention the last man either, the creature at the end of history.

The End of History and the Last Man – Wikipedia

Password required Remember me? This conflict corresponded to some extent to one between proponents of different racing teams in the Hippodrome in Byzantium and led to a not insignificant level of political violence.

All of Lenin’s vicious polemics against Karl Kautsky, Rosa Luxemburg, and various other Menshevik and Fhkuyama Democratic rivals, not to mention his contempt for “bourgeois legality” and freedoms, centered around his profound conviction that a revolution could not be successfully made by a democratically run organization.

Derrida goes on to analyze Fukuyama’s book as taking part in the intellectual branch of current Western hegemony and the spreading fukuyams its “New Gospel”: Please select an option.

Please note that we moderate comments to ensure the conversation remains topically relevant. There is no struggle or conflict over “large” issues, and consequently no need for generals or statesmen; what remains is primarily economic activity.

Fukuyama’s celebration of liberal hegemony is criticized by Derrida:. In the post-historical period there will be neither art nor philosophy, just the perpetual caretaking of the museum of human history. He considered the challenge of China and Russia to be the major threat, kondc they could pose a viable rival model which could inspire other states. The issue is not whether Hegel’s system was right, but whether his perspective might uncover the problematic nature of many materialist explanations we often take for granted.

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Enter your password to confirm. We are making such material available in our efforts to konex understanding of issues of environmental and humanitarian significance. Inon the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the publication of the original essay, “The End of History? FAILURE to cejin that the roots of economic behavior lie in the realm konev consciousness and culture leads to the common mistake of attributing material causes to phenomena that are essentially ideal in nature.

At the modern stage, the ability to build up material wealth at an accelerated rate on the basis of front-ranking science and high-level techniques and technology, and to distribute it fairly, and through joint efforts to restore and protect the resources necessary for mankind’s survival acquires decisive importance.

As we look around the contemporary world, the poverty of materialist theories of economic development is all too apparent.

The end of history according to Francis Fukuyama and Czech comments twenty years after

The thesis was defended successfully. It is still not clear whether the Soviet people are as “Protestant” as Gorbachev and will follow him down that path.

Wikipedia articles with style issues from July All articles with style issues Wikipedia articles needing clarification from November All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from October All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December Articles with unsourced statements from August Why was it that these countries moved away from central planning only in the s’ The answer must be found in the consciousness of the elites and leaders ruling them, who decided to opt for the “Protestant” life of wealth and risk over the “Catholic” path of poverty and security.

The history at the end of history. The end of history will be a very sad time. Masaryk University Faculty of Arts. The notion that mankind has progressed through a series of primitive stages of consciousness on his path to the present, and that these stages corresponded to concrete forms of social organization, such as tribal, slave-owning, theocratic, and finally democratic-egalitarian societies, has become inseparable from the modern understanding of man.


It should be clear that in terms of formal institutions, not much has changed in the four years since Gorbachev has come to power: This is not true in Poland and Hungary, however, whose Communist parties have taken moves toward true power sharing and pluralism. But large-scale conflict must involve large states still caught in the grip of history, and they are what appear to be passing from the scene.

Apart from pointing out that capitalist democracies are still riven with poverty, racial tension, and the like, Marxists also reject Fukuyama’s reliance on Hegel. While there was considerable work to be done after – abolishing slavery and the slave trade, extending the franchise to workers, women, blacks, and other racial minorities, etc. Gorbachev and his lieutenants seem to understand the economic logic of marketization well enough, but like the leaders of a Third World country facing the IMF, are afraid of the social consequences of ending consumer subsidies and other forms of dependence on the state sector.

The choice it makes will be highly important for us, given the Soviet Union’s size and military strength, for that power will continue to preoccupy us and slow our realization that we have already emerged on the other side of history.

But the concept of history as a dialectical process with a beginning, a middle, and an end was borrowed by Marx from his great German predecessor, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Dějiny na konci dějin by Francis Fukuyama – Project Syndicate

The post-historical consciousness represented by “new thinking” is only one possible future for the Soviet Union, however. McWorldthat addressed this theme. Democracy’s only real competitor in the realm of ideas today is radical Islamism. I understand that a full explanation of the origins of the reform movements in China and Russia is a good deal more complicated than this simple formula would suggest.

It is consonant with the current discourse of the Pope on the European community: But the problem is no longer a conceptual one: We believe this constitutes a ‘fair use’ of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section of the US Copyright Law.